A Foot and Mouth Disease Diagnostic Kit for Southern Africa
The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR, South Africa) in partnership with the Central Veterinary Research Institute (CVRI) in Zambia and the Agricultural Research Institute of Mozambique (IIAM), are developing and conducting field trials of a new antibody-based diagnostic kit specific for the detection of African strains of Foot-and-mouth Disease (FMD). The kit enables viral identification several months past the initial two-week active outbreak period.
To date the project team has successfully screened the currently circulating SAT (Southern African Territories) FMD strains using field samples collected in the SADC region. This analysis allowed the researchers to design up-to-date diagnostic components for prototype kit development. The various components of the prototype kit have been sourced and the first batch of kit prototypes is being manufactured. Testing of the prototype in Zambia is expected to begin in mid-2018.
OUTCOME AND IMPACT
The project forms part of a wider FMD management programme already initiated by the CSIR, which looks at the holistic management of infectious diseases such as FMD using various DNA- and protein-based detection technologies coupled with a centralised real-time data reporting IT platform. The development of commercial Afro-centric detection kits for FMD is of critical significance. Such an Africa-specific FMD diagnostic will facilitate African countries’ efforts to improve their management and control of FMD, thereby improving local trade and food security, and facilitating their entry into foreign markets.
Dr Phiyani Lebea
Project Leader – South Africa
Council for Scientific and Industrial
Mr Frank Banda
Project Coordinator – Zambia
Central Veterinary Research Institute (CVRI)
Mr Lourenço Mapaco
Project Coordinator – Mozambique
Agricultural Research Institute of Mozambique (IIAM)